The world is an astrotrurf festival.
If you don’t know what astroturf is, you’re probably one of its daily victims.
It’s, basically, everything that followed in mainstream media after the Astroworld Festival tragedy.
Most of the credits for the video go to Hugo @ hugotalks.com
As I was investigating this, I kept falling in his footsteps. As he did it first and voiced it well, I just did a enhanced remix of his reports. Watch his stuff too, he has more to bring to the table, I brought a little something too.
UPDATE NOVEMBER 11 – POLICE ABANDONS THE INJECTED SECURITY GUARD PLOT. STILL NO REAL SURGE OR STAMPEDE IN NEWLY FOUND VIDEOS
TO PICK it UP FROM WHERE THE VIDEOS LEFT IT:
By education and work records, I’m a journalist, but more people around the world know me as a music producer / DJ / label manager. I played many of these festivals. I also like science. So I immediately knew where to look:
Radio frequency heating and reduction of Graphene Oxide and Graphene Oxide – Polyvinyl Alcohol Composites
“Graphene oxide (GO) is one of the most frequently-used graphene-family materials, but it must often be reduced in order to restore electrical conductivity for the target applications. We have demonstrated the use of non-contact fringing field RF applicators to rapidly heat and reduce GO, both in its neat form and inside a polymer matrix such as polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). For this study, GO and GO-PVA films were prepared by the vacuum filtration method. The results demonstrate quick non-contact heating of GO and GO-PVA composite films by application of RF fields. Heating rates as high as 10.9 °C/s and 1.5 °C/s have been observed for GO and GO-PVA, respectively. RF-reduced GO and GO-PVA samples have shown conductivities of 102 S/m and 10−1 S/m, respectively. In addition, C/O ratio has increased from 2.44 to 5.22 when GO is exposed to RF waves which confirm that GO samples are reduced by the RF treatment. Unlike time-consuming or hazardous conventional reduction methods, RF waves resistively heat GO with electric fields in seconds to form reduced GO.”
Or it could be other source of frequencies at the higher spectrum where graphene is sensible and where mobile phones and other communication networks operate, or the stage equipment.
Radio-frequency characteristics of graphene oxide
ABSTRACTWe confirm graphene oxide, a two-dimensional carbon structure at the nanoscale level can be a strong candidate for high-efficient interconnector in radio-frequency range. In this paper, we investigate high frequency characteristics of graphene oxide in range of 0.5–40 GHz. Radio-frequency transmission properties were extracted as S-parameters to determine the intrinsic ac transmission of graphene sheets, such as the impedance variation dependence on frequency. The impedance and resistance of graphene sheets drastically decrease as frequency increases. This result confirms graphene oxide has high potential for transmitting signals at gigahertz ranges.
This work was partially supported by the Priority Research Centers Program (Grant No. 2009-0093823), the Pioneer Research Center Program (Grant No. 2010-0019313), and Basic Science Research Program (Grant No. 2010-8-0874) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) of the Korean government. We thank R. S. Ruoff and S. Stankovich for providing the GO used in this study.
Graphene Nanomaterials-Based Radio-Frequency/Microwave Biosensors for Biomaterials Detection
Recent Research Trends: RF/Microwave Biosensors Based on Graphene Nanomaterials for Wireless Biomedical Applications
Recent advances in integrated biosensing platforms associated with remote sensing via RF/microwave wireless systems have focused on design and architecture of point-of-care (POC) diagnosis, attracting considerable interest in the biomedical applications. In particular, POC has significant diagnosis possibilities for use in the continuous and real-time monitoring of human metabolites as well as cancer biomarkers . In addition, flexible and stretchable-integrated biosensors can directly monitor metabolic changes on the human body and quantify the electrically fine signals generated by specific bodily fluids. As a result, from this biosensing scheme, the wearable biosensors that can be attached intimately in the skin or tissue offer new opportunities for medical diagnostics and therapy. In recent years, there has been enormous progress in graphene-integrated wireless RF/microwave systems for real-time monitoring of metabolic change . For example, a wireless smart soft contact lens system composed of reconfigurable capacitive sensor interface circuitry and wirelessly powered RFID addressable system for sensor control and data communication [94,95] was developed. In particular, monitoring for glucose and other biomarkers may become more sophisticated if the sensor is coated with graphene in this system.
Conclusions and Prospective
Recent advances in graphene nanomaterials such as synthesis techniques, electrical, thermal and mechanical analysis, surface treatment and device design have accelerated the development and application of graphene nanomaterials-based nanoelectronics as well as bioelectronics. In this review, we have examined the emerging advances of graphene nanomaterials-integrated biosensors including structures and merits of graphene nanomaterials and their biological functionalization in RF/microwave biomedical applications. From the developed RF/microwave biosensors, these biosensing schemes could be classified with passive RF/microwave devices and RF/microwave systems with graphene nanomaterials. Firstly, it was used as a biosensing scheme utilizing simple RF/microwave devices such as resonators and capacitors, with graphene nanomaterials like GO or rGO. In the case of latter, it was used as a biosensing scheme utilizing RF/microwave systems with graphene nanomaterials, e.g., graphene. These RF/microwave biosensors could be detectable of biomolecules, e.g., glucose, DNA, as well as bacteria, e.g., S. aureus, E. coli and so on, via bifunctional peptide.
However, the research and development of these materials-based biosensing systems are in their infancy in the RF/microwave biomedical applications. This is because it is not only difficult to find the optimized frequency for biosensing, but devices and circuits also are dependent on the frequency. However, since there are great merits such as real-time, non-invasive, non-contact function, as a graphene nanomaterials-based RF/microwave biosensor, the biosensing scheme still needs to develop the robust biosensing platform integrated with wireless and flexible devices and circuits. In this case, there are also remains challenges how to find effective integration methods and how to secure stability for good performance of RF/microwave devices and systems with graphene nanomaterials. Before this challenge, the optimization of material fabrication and modification techniques to obtain large area, high quality, and uniform arrays will be essential for the highly sensitive and reproducible RF/microwave biosensors. Furthermore, the integration of graphene nanomaterials-based RF/microwave device needs to be optimized to minimize the entire device volume for portable, disposable and POC diagnosis and healthcare in the future.
If I’m allowed just one paragraph of semi-speculation: All living beings are natural antennas, the water molecule and the hydrogen one are antennas of sorts, this is how living beings know stuff before they consciously find out or even develop any sort of conscience. Looks like graphene oxide hyper=capacitates us.
Is this conclusive enough? I can’t give an 100% verdict on this right now, I need to revisit some physics textbooks, I need more inputs from my smartest readers, hurry up, I’m itching to make a follow up to that video!
But if I were vaxxed right now, I’d stay away from powerful EMF sources and powerful anything-that-vibrates that you can hear and feel.
UPDATE NOVEMBER 14, 2021: ENTER GO-NUTS
Stacked layers of GO (clotted?) can have interesting properties. Have in mind the conversion effect described below can work both ways. It says right there “transmit and receive sound”.
Presented at IUS 2015, Taipei, Taiwan
Title: Graphene Oxide Nanofabricated Ultrasonic Transducers (GO-NUTs) Abstract:
Graphene Oxide Nanofabricated Ultrasonic Transducers (GO-NUTs) based on porous electrodes immersed in ionic liquid electrolyte, which use the vibration of the compressible electric double layer to transmit and receive ultrasound with signal level several order of magnitude higher than existing capacitive transducers are introduced. A simple, rapid and scalable method to reduce graphene oxide (GO) by Laser Lightscribe annealing was also demonstrated. The reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for scalable and rapid production was then fabricated to graphene-based ultrasonic transducers which exhibit supercapacitor characteristics. The vibration of ions at the electric double layer (EDL) on the interface of the multi-layer rGO electrode that immersed in liquid electrolyte can simulate the flexible vibrating membrane of capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers to match the acoustic impedance of the soft tissue. The amplitude and frequency response to ultrasonic source were measured by oscilloscope and analyzed by MatLab. The capacitance, potential, and frequency response measurement of the GO-NUTs had shown the functionality of the device and suggested it can be used in the high frequency range. The testing result also showed that the reduced graphene oxide had advantages over the material used in traditional piezoelectric ultrasonic transducer. The GO-NUTs could also be further fabricated to interdigitated and array patterns simply by Laser Lightscribe CD/DVD drive and software.
Authors: Ka Hing Cheng, Ching-Hsiang Cheng, Kwong Chun Lo
And, to close the circle in my hypothesis: this is how GO stacks up in water, what if something similar happens in the blood, maybe just in specific conditions that were met before or at the concert?
Graphene nanoparticles tend to form clusters in water, due to unfavorable interfacial energy. In simple words, a graphene nanoparticle ‘prefers’ to be in contact with graphene rather than with water. This is one of the reason why it is so difficult to process graphene at a large scale.
See also : https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5141515 Details of the simulation: molecules of hexabenzocoronene are immersed in water.
The simulation is made using LAMMPS, the rendering using VMD. The temperature 300 K. The structure of the hexabenzocoronene molecules has been downloaded from the ATB repository https://atb.uq.edu.au/.
A script with one single hexabenzocoronene molecule is available here, and easily be adapted to study the multiple particle case: https://github.com/simongravelle
To be continued?
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! Articles can always be subject of later editing as a way of perfecting them